Here at Black Butte Retrievers, we do our best to keep our young puppies away from harmful germs, especially for the first 4 to 6 months of their lives when they are most susceptible to deadly viruses like Parvovirus (to learn more about Parvo, read below). When they leave here, we want to give them the best start possible, so we spare no expense when it comes to their health!
4 Weeks - Puppies receive their first shot. To learn more about Parvo, a deadly canine virus, Click Here.
5 Weeks - Puppies receive their first worming and first Parvo shot.
7 Weeks - Puppies receive their second Parvo shot. To learn more about Parvo, a deadly canine virus, Click Here.
9 Weeks - Puppies receive their second puppy shot.
11 Weeks - Puppies receive their third and final parvovirus shot. To learn more about Parvo, a deadly canine virus, Click Here.
13 Weeks - Puppies receive their third puppy shot (only if your Vet recommends this).
16 Weeks - Puppies receive their fourth puppy shot (only if your Vet recommends this).
*We strongly advise NOT give shots with the Leptospirosis vaccine in them (generally part of a 7-way shot). To learn more about the negative affects of Lepto in puppies, read below.
20 Weeks - Now 4 weeks past your puppy's final vaccine, you are pretty safe to take your puppy traveling, just keep it to a limited basis! It's time to visit family and friends, though we still suggest avoiding dog parks, common dog potty areas, veterinarian floors, retail store floors, etc. until your puppy has reach 12 months of age and receives his/her one year booster shots.
Please ask your Veterinarian for their preferred timelines on the following:
Parvovirus is such a highly contagious and lethal disease, that we felt it needed its own section. As you will see in our vaccination schedule above, your puppy will leave here with not one, but TWO Parvo specific vaccines to protect them out in the world. Yes, their standard 5-way puppy shots are important, but our biggest concern is protecting our puppies against the unseen dangers of Parvo, even before they leave our home. This is why we do not allow any new visitors in our home between birth and 7 weeks of age when we have new litters present. We realize that this makes a visit to our house a bit further off than other kennels, but we simply choose not to risk the health of our puppies before they have been properly vaccinated. Did you know that parvo can be carried on unwashed clothes for weeks at a time and can live in the ground, in used kennels, dog bedding and even your carpet for up to a year at a time?
We have seen first hand, through close friends in the breeding world, how fatal this disease is and how rapidly it can move. By the time you spot the first signs of the disease, you may already be too late to save the puppy. So keep an eye on their stool and watch for blood, slime and diarrhea. Watch behavior for a thinning waist line, lack of appetite, lethargy, seizures and an overall deterioration in health. This disease can become fatal within a matter of days, so don't hesitate to act quickly if you are concerned by taking a stool sample in to your vet and having them run it through the proper testing. I always err on the side of caution!
Below you will find additional information about the disease.
What is Parvovirus and why do we vaccinate specifically for this virus?
Canine parvovirus is a highly contagious virus that can affect all dogs, but unvaccinated dogs and puppies younger than four months old are the most at risk. Dogs that are ill from canine parvovirus infection are often said to have "parvo." The virus affects dogs' gastrointestinal tracts and is spread by direct dog-to-dog contact and contact with contaminated stool, environments, or people. The virus can also contaminate kennel surfaces, food and water bowls, collars and leashes, and the hands and clothing of people who handle infected dogs. It is resistant to heat, cold, humidity, and drying, and can survive in the environment for long periods of time. Even trace amounts of stool containing parvovirus may infect other dogs that come into the infected environment. It can be transmitted from place to place on the hair or feet of dogs or via contaminated cages, shoes, or other objects.
Signs of the Virus
Some of the signs of parvovirus include lethargy; loss of appetite; fever; vomiting; and severe, often bloody, diarrhea. Vomiting and diarrhea can cause rapid dehydration, and most deaths from parvovirus occur within 48 to 72 hours following the onset of signs. If your puppy or dog shows any of these signs, you should contact your veterinarian immediately.
While no specific drug is available that will kill the virus in infected dogs, treatment consists primarily of efforts to combat dehydration by replacing electrolyte and fluid losses, controlling vomiting and diarrhea, and preventing secondary infections until the dog’s immune system is able to fight the virus. Due to the highly contagious nature of parvovirus, infected dogs must be isolated in order to prevent the spread of the infection.
The best way to prevent parvovirus is through good hygiene and vaccination. Make sure to get your puppies vaccinated, and that your adult dogs are kept up to date on their parvovirus vaccination. Until a puppy has received its complete series of vaccinations, pet owners should use caution when bringing their pet to places where young puppies or dogs with unknown vaccination histories congregate.
How is disease spread between dogs?
Contagious viruses can be spread in a vast number of ways and can even transfer from humans to their pets. Most commonly, dogs pick up diseases, bacteria and viruses through feces and urine, though interaction with an infected dog will be just as risky. To avoid exposing your new puppy to these possible contagions, do your best to stay away from unfamiliar dogs, animal potty areas (ie. rest stops), dog parks and retail stores where other dogs may have tracked germs on the floor that can then transfer to your puppy/dog by simply walking in the same space.
Want to know more about disease risks for dogs in social areas? Visit the American Veterinary Medical Association for a complete article on the topic.
What is Coccidiosis and how can I prevent it in my own dog?
Coccidiosis is a parasitic type of infection, caused by the coccidium, that most commonly causes watery, mucus-based diarrhea in dogs. If it is not treated, over time it can cause damage to the lining of the dog's intestinal tract. With treatment, the prognosis is good.
Stress, believe it or not, is one of the leading causes in a dog developing this parasite. What does that mean for your new puppy? For the first few weeks when they arrive home and for any trips taken during their life, your puppy is at risk for becoming stressed. We adivse all new families to keep their puppy at home for at least a month before introducing them to new people or places. This will give them an adequate amount of time to adjust to their new home and surroundings, without placing an undue amount of stress on your young animal, which could cause them to develop this harmful parasite.
If at any time you are concerned with your puppy's health or their stool looks concerning to you, please feel free to email me with questions or contact your vet for further testing. Stool samples are one of the best ways to keep an eye on your dogs health, so don't hesititate to check on it regularly!
Why should I avoid 7-way shots with Leptospirosis in them?
Leptospirosis, a contagious disease affecting both animals and humans and spread by infection with a bacterial pathogen called Leptospira, may result in chronic liver and kidney disease and fatality in the dog. Over the past 30 years, preventative vaccination against two of the most common Leptospires, L. canicola and L. icterohaemorrhagiae, have nearly eradicated clinical disease associated with these strains among the inoculated population. Though not without potential side effects associated with allergic reactions to inoculant in a small number of dogs, the risks of not vaccinating for Leptospirosis once far outweighed risks of vaccine-reaction. In recent years, however, new outbreaks of Leptospirosis have been reported in the population of vaccinated dogs. Clinical evidence now suggests that these new cases are associated with the once, less-common Leptospires for which current vaccines do not protect against. In light of these findings, the process of vaccinating dogs with the current Leptospirosis vaccines is being seriously questioned.
The following article provides a detailed examination of infectious Leptospirosis in the canine and the recent clinical findings and misconceptions surrounding the controversy of using current vaccines to immunize dogs.
What is Ivermectin (found most commonly in HeartGuard medication) and what are the side effects?
Ivermectin is an anti-parasitic drug. Vets can prescribe it for a broad range of conditions. It can be used to cure sarcoptic mange, demodectic mange and ear mites. It can also be used to treat heartworm disease and as a preventative medicine against heartworm. The drug kills youngheartworms and prevents a new generation of worms from growing. The drug can be used on a number of different animals. It is popular because it effectively treats internal and external parasites.
The drug works by paralyzing the parasites. This makes them unable to feed or reproduce and eventually they die and are expelled from the body. The life cycle of parasites can be anything between a couple of days and a couple of weeks so the length of treatment will depend on what kind of parasitic infection your dog has.
Although Ivermectin is an effective medication and it is safe for you to use it on your dog, every animal can react differently to certain drugs. If you're aware of the possible side effects and your dog does experience an adverse reaction to the medication, you can act quickly and avert any potential disaster.
Side effects of Ivermectin include:
Lack of energy
Loss of appetite
Lack of balance or coordination
Want to learn more about the side effects of Ivermectin, check out this great article.
Most all of our puppies are sold with AKC Limited Registration, which simply means that you intend to keep this dog as a Pet Only, not for breeding/confirmation.
(Full Registration is offered on an extremely limited basis.)
A full and complete health record, with dates, will accompany your puppy in their New Puppy Pack.
Feel free to contact us any time and we will get right back to you!
Located in Bend, Oregon
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